Nevada ranks 40th among the states for the amount of energy consumed per person, according to the nonprofit website EnergyTrends.org.
The state rankings were released on Wednesday and show Nevadans consumed 239 million Btu per capita in 2010 compared with 303 Btu per capita in 2007.
First among the states in energy consumption was Wyoming, followed by Alaska and Louisiana. Rhode Island ranked 50th.
The website, created by the Lexington Institute, has also graded the states on renewable energy efforts. Nevada received a C+ in the analysis, which was 11th-best. Three states, California, Massachusetts and Colorado, received B grades, the highest awarded in the review.
Nevada ranked 17th in net renewable energy generation in 2010 with 4.444 gigawatt hours (GWh). The growth in renewable energy generation was up 35 percent from 2007 to 2010.
Nevada's renewable portfolio standards require 25 percent of the state's electricity to be supplied by renewable resources by 2025.
"It is our hope that the information on EnergyTrends.org will be useful for everyone from schools to elected officials to keep track of their state's critical energy consumption and generation patterns," said Don Soifer, executive vice president of the Lexington Institute.
Soifer said the research is based on 2010 energy data which was recently released by the U.S. Department of Energy. It is the most recent data available. The website tracks vital indicators for energy and electricity use, as well as which fuels (like coal, natural gas or renewables) are used to generate electricity, and ranks states in each category. It also analyzes data from recent years, providing easy-to-read indicators to show overall trends.
Renewable energy, and tax incentives to support its development, has become a major political topic in Nevada and around the nation this presidential election year.
Earlier this month, the solar manufacturing company Amonix closed its manufacturing plant in North Las Vegas 14 months after opening.
President Obama in July 2010 praised the solar manufacturing tax credits that generated $6 million to help build the facility, which was under construction at the time. Obama's support of the facility was recently used as fodder for criticism by the Mitt Romney campaign. But a news article in Politico noted that the Bush Administration first backed the project in 2007.
The company also issued a statement saying it never utilized the tax credit for the Las Vegas facility.
"The only federal incentive Amonix received for the North Las Vegas facility was a $5.9 million federal manufacturing incentive tax credit that was never utilized," the statement said. "Tax credits can only be used to offset taxable income, and Amonix has not realized taxable income to utilize the tax credits. Thus, those tax credits have not been claimed and have had no cost to U.S. taxpayers."
It also became a campaign issue in the Nevada Senate race between U.S. Sen. Dean Heller, R-Nev., and Rep. Shelley Berkley, D-Las Vegas. Heller called the closing proof of the failure of federal stimulus spending supported by Berkley. Berkley in turn criticized Heller for failing to show any concern for the Nevadans who lost their jobs because of the closing.
State Sen. Steven Horsford, D-Las Vegas, a candidate for the 4th Congressional District, defended the use of clean energy incentives in an interview last week on the Face to Face television program.
"This sector of renewable energy should not be based on the success or failure of one company alone," he said. "There was tremendous subsidies for traditional energy, coal and other energy sources, for decades so it isn't like this is some new thing, that the government helps subsidize a growing and emerging industry."
But a recent report has questioned the value of tax incentives and regulations approved by many states around the country, including Nevada, to create "green jobs," noting that subsidies used for such programs can take away revenue for other needs such as public education.
Nevada was identified as having seven separate financial incentives for green jobs, three of which are property tax exemptions in the report.
"States face a hard and fast budget constraint; they cannot deficit spend or take on debt for general operating expenses," said Bryan Leonard of State Budget Solutions in his report, "Green Jobs Don't Grow on Trees."
"This means that every dollar spent by states on green job training programs, grants to green firms, or subsidies for renewable energy producers is a dollar that cannot be spent on teachers' salaries, educational tools, or social safety nets," he said.
Soifer said the Lexington Institute supports renewable energy, "but realizes that if renewables are really going to take hold in the United States, and particularly solar and wind are the two that everybody talks about most, they are going to need to stand on their own without having to depend on government subsidy."