memorializes many of Iraq war’s fallen | memorializes many of Iraq war’s fallen

Associated Press
Don Burk/The Florida Times-Union Lori Ann McCormick, places a single rose on the casket of her son Pvt. Clinton Tyler McCormick following his funeral Jan. 6 in Jacksonville, Fla. McCormick, 20, was killed in Iraq on Dec. 27.

WASHINGTON – Army Pvt. Clinton Tyler McCormick is buried in Florida, but his photo and his words are still online. They haven’t changed since he logged in to his profile on Dec. 26, 2006 – the day before he was killed by a makeshift bomb in Baghdad.

In earlier wars, families had only the letters that soldiers sent home; often, bits and pieces were removed by cautious censors. Iraq is the first war of the Internet age, and McCormick is one of many fallen soldiers who have left ghosts of themselves online – unsentimental self-memorials, frozen and uncensored snapshots of the person each wanted to show to the world.

Army Pfc. Johnathon Millican of Trafford, Ala., wrote on his MySpace page before he was killed in Karbala, Iraq: “You don’t have to love the war but you have to love the warrior.”

“I am a paratrooper, that means that I jump from a perfectly good airplane into who knows what,” wrote Millican, who was 20 when he died. He never had the chance to move back to the southern United States, as his profile says he wanted to do.

McCormick, 21 when he died, also was from the South. “Dixie boy,” his profile proclaims in big letters outlined in red. His photograph is a faraway headshot with an ironing board propped up against a white wall in the background. McCormick isn’t smiling.

Bob Patrick, an Army veteran who runs the Veterans History Project at the Library of Congress, says, “War as we know it and as we’re taught through schools, in most cases it’s through the filter … of a historian.” MySpace pages, he says, “are grass-roots stories on the foxhole level, or the cockpit level.”


The phenomenon is growing because the war dead are young – as of March 24, more than three-fourths of those killed in Iraq were 30 years old or younger – and comfortable putting personal information online.

“A lot of the younger soldiers, especially young enlisted soldiers, have a MySpace page,” says Army Sgt. Tom Day, one of the living who has served three tours in Iraq and is currently deployed to Kuwait. MySpace has more than 100 million registered users.

The result has been pictures of war that are “much more personal and much more public,” said the History Project’s Patrick. “That’s a function of technology.”

The number of soldiers who leave behind online profiles could drop after the Pentagon’s recent announcement that servicemembers deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan won’t be able to access MySpace and other social Web sites from Defense Department computers. But the new rules don’t affect commercial or private computers – so soldiers will still be able to create profiles from their homes in the U.S. before they leave. They can also use Internet cafes or commercial connections to maintain their profiles from Iraq and Afghanistan.

Even if the Pentagon blocks soldiers from accessing MySpace, Facebook or other sites, people will find a way to use the latest technologies to remember the fallen, said Peter Bartis, a senior program specialist at the Veterans History Project.

“There is a part of the human psyche that wants to memorialize important people in their lives and important places,” Bartis said. “I think that cutting it off is interfering with a normal human behavior and that human behavior will find another way of doing it.”

MySpace, a unit of News Corp., has had to deal with the issue. “We often hear from families that a user’s profile is a way for friends to celebrate the person’s life, giving friends a positive outlet to connect with one another and find comfort during the grieving process,” said Dani Dudeck, a MySpace spokeswoman.

MySpace won’t delete a profile for inactivity, and it also won’t let anyone else control a deceased member’s profile.

Family and friends can create different memorial profiles as long as they comply with the site’s rules, and families can have a fallen soldier’s profile deleted.

That could be a relief to some families because profiles suddenly frozen sometimes violate the tradition of not speaking ill of the dead.

Some profiles linked to soldiers’ names include references to using illegal drugs or ethnic slurs for Iraqis.

And some pages are rife with the profanity often forgiven in war zones.

“Soldiers are soldiers, and soldiers use language when they’re in the middle of battle that they wouldn’t use at home,” said Patrick.

Before his death in Iraq last year, Army Pfc. Nathaniel Given of Dickinson, Texas, posted a survey on his MySpace page that posed the question, “Do you swear?”

He answered: “What the (expletive) do you think, I’m in the infantry.”